In this article, categorisation based on origins is investigated in the Dutch census reports produced between 1899 and 2018. Through this analysis, I will argue that the conceptual pair of autochthon and allochthon (until 2017 used to describe ‘native’ and ‘non-native’ Dutch people) is not a social construct, but rather a sociotechnical construct. Through this analysis, it becomes clear that where the category of the ‘foreigner’ at the beginning of the twentieth century was mainly related to a passport and place of birth, later national origins became a racially tainted concept. Pre-1980, counting machines at CBS only counted people’s information as selfdescribed; since 1980, computers have determined the identity of Dutch citizens. Today, governmental statistics based on the origins of Dutch people are available online for free and can be used by third parties for a variety of applications. Through this historical analysis, it becomes clear that the current practices are not the ‘standard’ way of categorisation, but rather one of the possibilities that are historically, socially and technologically situated.DOI: 10.18146/2213-7653.2018.367

Additional Metadata
Keywords Data, census, discrimination, racism, categorisation
Publisher Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid
Journal Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis
Rights Auteursrecht van ieder artikel berust bij de auteur en wordt met toestemming van de auteur gepubliceerd. Indien een artikel is geaccepteerd voor publicatie gaat de auteur akkoord met een Creative Commons licentie Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Netherlands License Each article is copyrighted © by its author(s) and is published under license from the author(s).When a paper is accepted for publication, authors will be requested to agree with the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Netherlands License
Note Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis; Vol 21, No 2 (2018): Big Data Histories; 67-88
Schie, Gerwin van. (2018). Origins: A History of Race-ethnic Categorisation in the Dutch Governmental Data Ontology (1899–2018). Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 21(2), 67–88.

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