De serial in Nederland: 1915-1925. De unieke opkomst en ondergang van een aangepaste filmvorm
Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis , Volume 4 - Issue 1 p. 108- 128
Halverwege de jaren tien van de vorige eeuw kende de serial een duidelijke opleving in de bioscoop. Na één decennium was de belangstelling voor de seriefilm echter alweer verdwenen, om pas in de tweede helft van die eeuw terug te keren. Hier staan de jaren 1915-1925 centraal. Wat werd er door wie vertoond en waarom was dit al dan niet een succes. Wie hadden daar belangen bij, welke invloeden speelden een rol en hoe vrij waren de bioscopen in hun keuzen? Een tijdsbeeld van de cliffhanger — die afhaakte.----Serials in the Netherlands: 1915-1925. The unique rise and downfall of an adjusted film formIn the Netherlands there was a peculiar difference in the screening of film serials in the teens and twenties of the twentieth century. Instead of the usual (as seen in America, France, Germany and England) one episode per filmprogram, in the Netherlands a film program was almost entirely filled with several episodes of one serial. This difference concerned all American serials that were distributed from 1916 and on. These episodes were screened back-to-back and were not put together as one complete episode. Episodes of European serials were usually not screened back-to-back. The difference in the Dutch distribution of serials might have been caused by some unsuccessful screenings of long features that were shown around 1912 in weekly episodes. Possibly that because of this, Dutch distribution companies decided in 1916 to show this 'new kind of serial' at a much quicker rate. Another cause could have been that during the First World War, films were getting more expensive. Around 1921 the interest of the public began to wane. Because the serial was treated as a feature and not as a filler of the filmprogram, this disinterest quickly meant the end of the serial. By 1925 almost no serials were shown in the Netherlands.
|Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision|
|Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis|
|Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).|
|TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 4, No 1 (2001); 108-128|
Canjels, Rudmer. (2001). De serial in Nederland: 1915-1925. De unieke opkomst en ondergang van een aangepaste filmvorm. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 4(1), 108–128. doi:10.18146/tmg.499