This article sheds light on the use of the words ‘nationalism’, ‘nationalist(s)’ and ‘nationalistic’in the news coverage of three Dutch newspapers about Macedonia during the breakup of Yugoslavia. A review of 280 newspaper articles shows that nationalism is often associated with extremism and violence, and is selectively linked to specific national groups and movements.Drawing upon the social-scientific term ‘banal nationalism’, this study argues that the selectiveuse of words associated with ‘nationalism’ constitutes both a rhetorical tool and an implicit formof moral judgement.More importantly, by focussing on this stereotype picture of nationalism,the media ensures that other nationalist phenomena, which do not fit this popular stereotype, are not discussed. Thus, a negative view of nationalist ideology leads to a ‘naturalization’ of thoseforms of nationalism that are deemed ‘non-extremist’. This paradox is explained both by the presence of ‘banal’ forms of nationalism in the West and the infamous ‘good guys - bad guys’distinction that crippled Dutch news coverage of the breakup of Yugoslavia.

Additional Metadata
Publisher Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.18146/tmg.245
Journal Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis
Rights Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Note TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 16, No 2 (2013); 43-60
Citation
Duynen, Michel van. (2014). What makes a nationalist? Nationalism in the Dutch press coverage of Macedonia, 1991-1995*. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 16(2), 43–60. doi:10.18146/tmg.245