The Database ‘Revolution’: The Technological and Cultural Origins of the Big-data-based Mindset in American Management, 1970s–1980s
In this article, I counter persistent claims of big data revolutionising managerial decision making, by tracing the technological and cultural origins of data-based management in the United States back to the 1970s and 1980s using historical source materials from the trade magazine Datamation. I argue that innovations in database technology within this period – database management systems and the relational database model – shaped and reinforced a data-based mindset. This mindset, I demonstrate, is manifested in four interlinked concepts of data: data as asset, data as raw, data as reality, and data as relatable. These concepts, I argue, provide a basis for current associations of big data with ideological values of objectivity and truthfulness. The article contributes to a growing body of work in media and communication studies that deconstructs the ideological discourses facilitating big data’s unquestioned integration in the business world.
|Keywords||Big data, database, DBMS, relational database model, decision-making, management, revolution, ideology, Datamation|
|Publisher||Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis|
|Rights||Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)|
|Note||TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 21, No 2 (2018): Big Data Histories; 7-29|
Kerssens, Niels. (2018). The Database ‘Revolution’: The Technological and Cultural Origins of the Big-data-based Mindset in American Management, 1970s–1980s. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 21(2), 7–29. doi:10.18146/2213-7653.2018.364