The Netherlands has a rich animation culture. More than 1200 cartoons were createdin the period 1991-2011: short, unlicensed films, student films, television series, applied animation and the occasional feature film. The production of animated films soared after the turn of the century. Targeted promotion by the Nederlands Filmfonds (Dutch film fund), the advent of new, digital, audiovisual techniques, the development of ways to distribute and present digitally, and the growing interest for animation at art schools led to the emergence of a new generation of animation producers and a new zeal. Digital visual culture provided new techniques and previously unknown freedom and possibilities. It was as if animation had been reinvented. As a result it is no longer a peripheral phenomenon; it has become a visible discipline within Dutch film culture. * Dit artikel is opgedragen aan de op 4 december j.l. op 73-jarige leeftijd overleden Haarlemse animatiefilmmaker en kunstenaar Gerrit van Dijk.**

Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 15, No 2 (2012); 26-56

Gloudemans, Ton. (2013). Nederlandse animatiefilm in de periode 1991-2011*: De animatiefilm vindt zichzelf opnieuw uit. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 15(2), 26–56. doi:10.18146/tmg.287