De kruistocht tegen de slechte cinema. Over de aanloop en de start van de Belgische filmkeuring (1912-1929)
Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis , Volume 8 - Issue 1 p. 4- 26
During the 1920s Belgium constrained the freedom of its film industry by setting up a Board of Film Classification as did many other western countries. The Belgian system however differed from the usual systems of film classification in the sense that politicians tried to avoid any kind of actual film censorship. The result was a system of voluntary film classification that placed films in one of two categories: either suitable for children or for adults (16 plus) only. Non-classified films automatically gained the label 'adults only'. It took eight years and numerous debates at all political levels to come up with a solution that could satisfy the moral guardians of Belgian society its politicians and those who distributed and showed the films all at the same time. Despite this the law was to be debated and contested by all of these groups in the subsequent years. The authors describe the eight years of campaign against the cinema and the debate that preceded the completion and enactment of the Belgian law on film classification. They follow this with an analysis of the decisions made by the classification board during the first nine years of its existence. In spite of the liberal principles that underlie the law the Belgian film classification board was soon acting as a board of censors demanding cuts in more than a third of the films that it classified mainly on the basis of portrayals of violence crime sex adultery and suicide.
|Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision|
|Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis|
|Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).|
|TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 8, No 1 (2005); 4-26|
Depauw, Liesbet, & Biltereyst, Daniel. (2005). De kruistocht tegen de slechte cinema. Over de aanloop en de start van de Belgische filmkeuring (1912-1929). Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 8(1), 4–26. doi:10.18146/tmg.537