Henri Grünkorn: A History of Fairground Spectacle Prior to the ‘Electrische Kinematograaf’This article historicises early film experiences by examining them within the context of the late nineteenth-century culture of spectacle. The work of fairground showman Henri Grünkorn in the period from 1888–1898 serves as a case study, illustrating how the emerging medium of film wove together a number of elements from the culture of spectacle: mechanical movement, vision and observation, and reality as spectacle. Using the conceptual framework established by Anne Friedberg, Grünkorn’s fairground attractions (a rollercoaster, a mechanical diorama, tableaux vivants, and ultimately the ‘electrical cinématographe’) are revealed as variations on the mobilised gaze and virtual mobility.

Additional Metadata
Keywords vroege film, ervaring, spektakelcultuur, kermis, mobiliteit
Publisher Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.18146/2213-7653.2017.333
Journal Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis
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Note TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Spektakelcultuur in de Lage Landen; 96-111
Citation
Harkema, Gert Jan. (2017). Henri Grünkorn: een geschiedenis van spektakel op de kermis voor de ‘Electrische Kinematograaf’1. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 20(2), 96–111. doi:10.18146/2213-7653.2017.333