Henri Grünkorn: een geschiedenis van spektakel op de kermis voor de ‘Electrische Kinematograaf’1
Henri Grünkorn: A History of Fairground Spectacle Prior to the ‘Electrische Kinematograaf’This article historicises early film experiences by examining them within the context of the late nineteenth-century culture of spectacle. The work of fairground showman Henri Grünkorn in the period from 1888–1898 serves as a case study, illustrating how the emerging medium of film wove together a number of elements from the culture of spectacle: mechanical movement, vision and observation, and reality as spectacle. Using the conceptual framework established by Anne Friedberg, Grünkorn’s fairground attractions (a rollercoaster, a mechanical diorama, tableaux vivants, and ultimately the ‘electrical cinématographe’) are revealed as variations on the mobilised gaze and virtual mobility.
|Keywords||vroege film, ervaring, spektakelcultuur, kermis, mobiliteit|
|Publisher||Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis|
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|Note||TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Spektakelcultuur in de Lage Landen; 96-111|
Harkema, Gert Jan. (2017). Henri Grünkorn: een geschiedenis van spektakel op de kermis voor de ‘Electrische Kinematograaf’1. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 20(2), 96–111. doi:10.18146/2213-7653.2017.333