‘Die Betrachtung der optischen Erscheinungen, welche die Geisteskranken bieten’: Prof. Dr. Robert Sommer (1864-1937) en de ‘Stereoskopphotographie’ als wetenschappelijk instrument in de psychopathologie
This article focuses on the use of photography as a scientific instrument in neuropsychiatry around the turn of the century. Probably the most well known example is Dr. Jean-Martin Charcot who was based in Paris. However, patients were also being captured on the sensitive plate in other places.This article looks at the case of Professor Robert Sommer who was the director of the Centre for Psychiatry in Giessen from 1895. There he introduced stereoscopic photography as a scientific instrument to research the relationship between defects in the nervous system and the physiognomy of his patients. Interestingly, nowadays research into physiognomy within neuropsychiatric research is regarded as being non-objective and pseudo-scientific. This indicates that science should always be seen and judged in its own day. The book Objectivity by Daston and Galison (2007) researches this symptom and analyses shifts in opinions about scientific objectivity. By placing Robert Sommer’s work within these debates about scientific objectivity, the article shows clearly how his work relates to the wider scientific discourses of his time.
|Publisher||Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis|
|Rights||Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).|
|Note||TMG Journal for Media History; Vol 16, No 1 (2013): Waanzin en media; 8-26|
Lameris, Bregt. (2013). ‘Die Betrachtung der optischen Erscheinungen, welche die Geisteskranken bieten’: Prof. Dr. Robert Sommer (1864-1937) en de ‘Stereoskopphotographie’ als wetenschappelijk instrument in de psychopathologie. Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis, 16(1), 8–26. doi:10.18146/tmg.257