The history of television programmes sold internationally for local adaptation—today commonly referred to as ‘TV formats’ in both industry and academia—can be traced back to the 1950s.

TV formats
Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
VIEW Journal
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VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture; Vol 5, No 9 (2016); 1-5

Ellis, John, Esser, Andrea, & Gutiérrez Lozano, Juan Francisco. (2016). Editorial. VIEW Journal, 5(9), 1–5. doi:10.18146/2213-0969.2016.jethc098