A large-scale description of men and women speaking-time in media is presented, based on the analysis of about 700.000 hours of French audiovisual documents, broadcasted from 2001 to 2018 on 22 TV channels and 21 radio stations. Speaking-time is described using Women Speaking Time Percentage (WSTP), which is estimated using automatic speaker gender detection algorithms, based on acoustic machine learning models. WSTP variations are presented across channels, years, hours, and regions. Results show that men speak twice as much as women on TV and on radio in 2018, and that they used to speak three times longer than women in 2004. We also show only one radio station out of the 43 channels considered is associated to a WSTP larger than 50%. Lastly, we show that WSTP is lower during high-audience time-slots on private channels. This work constitutes a massive gender equality study based on the automatic analysis of audiovisual material and offers concrete perspectives for monitoring gender equality in media.The software used for the analysis has been released in open-source, and the detailed results obtained have been released in open-data.

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Keywords Gender Equality, Digital Humanities, Machine Learning, Machine Listening, Speaker Gender Detection, Women speaking time percentage, Audiovisual description, open-data
Publisher Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.18146/2213-0969.2018.jethc156
Journal VIEW Journal
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Note VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture; Vol 7, No 14 (2018); 103-122
Doukhan, David, Poels, Géraldine, Rezgui, Zohra, & Carrive, Jean. (2018). Describing Gender Equality in French Audiovisual Streams with a Deep Learning Approach. VIEW Journal, 7(14), 103–122. doi:10.18146/2213-0969.2018.jethc156